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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Lovefield

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Lovefield

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScript
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.01
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score4.28
Rank#91  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score0.43
Rank#274  Overall
#128  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantgoogle.github.io/­lovefield
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.md
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014IBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Google
Initial release201220102014
Current release2.1.12, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemshostedhostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder pattern
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesUsing read-only observers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Database
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseIBM CloudantLovefield
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