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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. IBM Cloudant vs. IBM Db2 Event Store vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. IBM Cloudant vs. IBM Db2 Event Store vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 Event Store  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBDistributed Event Store optimized for Internet of Things use casesOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeEvent Store
Time Series DBMS
Document store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.96
Rank#37  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.84
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score0.50
Rank#240  Overall
#2  Event Stores
#19  Time Series DBMS
Score484.67
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantwww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-event-storewww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­en/­SSGNPV_2.0.0/­welcome.htmldocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014IBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014IBMMongoDB, Inc
Initial release2012201020172009
Current release2.05.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infofree developer edition availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux infoLinux, macOS, Windows for the developer additionLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infothrough the embedded Spark runtimeRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
DB2 Connect
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyesJavaScript
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Active-active shard replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesno infoatomic operations within a document possiblenoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingNo - written data is immutableyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesYes - Synchronous writes to local disk combined with replication and asynchronous writes in parquet format to permanent shared storageyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseIBM CloudantIBM Db2 Event StoreMongoDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseIBM CloudantIBM Db2 Event StoreMongoDB
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