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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hive vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hive vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.29
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score61.17
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score7.60
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehive.apache.orgrealm.io
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homerealm.io/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release201220122014
Current release3.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesyes

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseHiveRealm
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