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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.64
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score59.76
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score76.78
Rank#16  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­products/­azure-sql/­database
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release201220122010
Current release3.1.3, April 2022V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseHiveMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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