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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hive vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hive vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.64
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score59.76
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#125  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehive.apache.orgjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release201220122017
Current release3.1.3, April 20220.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseHiveJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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