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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hive vs. IBM Cloudant

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hive vs. IBM Cloudant

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.02
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score85.58
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score3.49
Rank#91  Overall
#15  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehive.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudant
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudant
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014
Initial release201220122010
Current release3.1.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaErlang
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScript
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnono infoatomic operations within a document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per database

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseHiveIBM Cloudant
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