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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHawkular Metrics  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Hawkular metrics is the metric storage of the Red Hat sponsored Hawkular monitoring system. It is based on Cassandra.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.29
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.00
Rank#379  Overall
#40  Time Series DBMS
Score4.64
Rank#71  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.hawkular.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.hawkular.org/­hawkular-metrics/­docs/­user-guidedocs.timescale.com
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Community supported by Red HatTimescale
Initial release201220142017
Current release2.15.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP RESTADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'nouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infovia Hawkular Alertingyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infobased on Cassandrayes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infobased on CassandraSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseHawkular MetricsTimescaleDB
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Recent citations in the news

Realtime vs Cloud Firestore: Which Firebase Database to go?
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Don't be like these 900+ websites and expose millions of passwords via Firebase
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Power IoT and time-series workloads with TimescaleDB for Azure Database for PostgreSQL
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22 February 2022, Business Wire

TimescaleDB goes distributed; implements ‘Chunking’ over ‘Sharding’ for scaling-out
22 August 2019, Packt Hub

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