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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. HBase vs. SpaceTime

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. HBase vs. SpaceTime

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableSpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.64
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score27.97
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score0.03
Rank#392  Overall
#8  Spatial DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehbase.apache.orgwww.mireo.com/­spacetime
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasehbase.apache.org/­book.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMireo
Initial release201220082020
Current release2.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoCoprocessors in Javano
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingFixed-grid hypercubes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Real-time block device replication (DRBD)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACyes

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseHBaseSpaceTime
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