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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak KV vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosofts relational DBMSDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.31
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score49.11
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#65  Overall
#10  Key-value stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasehbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverriak.com/­products/­riak-kvtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasehbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesTempoIQ
Initial release20122008198920092012
Current release2.2.0, June 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Erlang
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesnono
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoCoprocessors in JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript and Erlangno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infolinks between data sets can be storedno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnosimple authentication-based access control

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseHBaseMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak KVTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
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