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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. Yanza

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. Yanza

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonYanza  Xexclude from comparison
Yanza seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Time Series DBMS for IoT Applications
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.29
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score8.13
Rank#49  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.h2database.comyanza.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Thomas MuellerYanza
Initial release201220052015
Current release2.2.220, July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infofree version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infobut mainly used as a service provided by Yanza
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMWindows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Javaany language that supports HTTP calls
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes infoTimer and event based
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseH2Yanza
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
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Recent citations in the news

Realtime vs Cloud Firestore: Which Firebase Database to go?
8 March 2024, Appinventiv

Google launches Firebase Genkit, a new open source framework for building AI-powered apps
14 May 2024, TechCrunch

Atos cybersecurity blog: Misconfigured Firebase: A real-time cyber threat
18 January 2024, Atos

Don't be like these 900+ websites and expose millions of passwords via Firebase
18 March 2024, The Register

Google Firebase may have exposed 125M records from misconfigurations
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