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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Popular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.29
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score8.13
Rank#49  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score157.80
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.h2database.comredis.com
redis.io
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Thomas MuellerRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.
Initial release201220052009
Current release2.2.220, July 20237.2.5, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyeswith RediSQL module
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaC
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyespublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonothrough RedisGears
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
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Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
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Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseH2Redis
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Recent citations in the news

Realtime vs Cloud Firestore: Which Firebase Database to go?
8 March 2024, Appinventiv

Don't be like these 900+ websites and expose millions of passwords via Firebase
18 March 2024, The Register

Google Firebase may have exposed 125M records from misconfigurations
19 March 2024, SC Media

Google launches Firebase Genkit, a new open source framework for building AI-powered apps
14 May 2024, TechCrunch

Hundreds of Google Firebase websites might have leaked data online
19 March 2024, TechRadar

provided by Google News

Redis acquires storage engine startup Speedb to enhance its open-source database
21 March 2024, SiliconANGLE News

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29 November 2023, AWS Blog

Redis expands data management capabilities with Speedb acquisition – Blocks and Files
22 March 2024, Blocks & Files

Redis moves to source-available licenses
25 March 2024, InfoWorld

Boosting throughput for cloud databases
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provided by Google News



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