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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. LokiJS vs. MarkLogic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.In-memory JavaScript DBMSOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.02
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.69
Rank#48  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score0.58
Rank#228  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score9.60
Rank#49  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.h2database.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmltechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Thomas MuellerMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release2012200520142001
Current release1.4.200, October 20199.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JavaScript APIJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsView functions in JavaScriptyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseH2LokiJSMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseH2LokiJSMarkLogic
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