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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. H2GIS

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2 vs. H2GIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonH2GIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Spatial extension of H2
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.35
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score8.50
Rank#51  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#374  Overall
#7  Spatial DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.h2database.comwww.h2gis.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlwww.h2gis.org/­docs/­home
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Thomas MuellerCNRS
Initial release201220052013
Current release2.2.220, July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoLGPL 3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaJava
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infobased on H2
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infobased on H2
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infobased on H2

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseH2H2GIS
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
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Recent citations in the news

Atos cybersecurity blog: Misconfigured Firebase: A real-time cyber threat
18 January 2024, Atos

Firebase Played Us!
1 May 2023, hackernoon.com

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29 December 2023, CyberNews.com

How to use Firebase to develop cloud-based multiplayer mobile games
15 August 2023, WhaTech

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20 May 2019, Appinventiv

provided by Google News



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