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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. H2

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.00
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score8.22
Rank#50  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.h2database.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Thomas Mueller
Initial release20122005
Current release2.2.220, July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseH2
DB-Engines blog posts

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8 March 2024, Appinventiv

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