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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. GridGain vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. GridGain vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGridGain  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.GridGain is an in-memory computing platform, built on Apache IgniteMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.60
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.73
Rank#122  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
#59  Relational DBMS
Score4.86
Rank#66  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.gridgain.comorientdb.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.gridgain.com/­docs/­latestorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GridGain Systems, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release201220072010
Current releaseGridGain 8.5.13.0.30, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)Java, Javascript
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes (cache interceptors and events)Hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes (replicated cache)Master-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGridGainOrientDB
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