DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graphite vs. H2GIS vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graphite vs. H2GIS vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonH2GIS  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperSpatial extension of H2Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.96
Rank#37  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score5.70
Rank#67  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#328  Overall
#4  Spatial DBMS
Score608.21
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.h2gis.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegraphite.readthedocs.iowww.h2gis.org/­docs/­homewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Chris DavisCNRSPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2012200620131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release14.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoLGPL 3.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languagePythonJavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'noyes infobased on H2user defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infobased on H2Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
noneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesnoyes infobased on H2fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphiteH2GISPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
1 June 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Firebase gains new extensions, better macOS & Flutter support, Personalization beta, more
10 November 2021, 9to5Google

Ransomware top threat for Indians in 2021, crypto scams surge
1 December 2021, The Statesman

Cloudflare releases tools and database integrations for serverless development
15 November 2021, VentureBeat

What is Firebase?
2 August 2021, VentureBeat

How to Build Your Backend with Hasura and PostgreSQL
30 November 2021, SitePoint

provided by Google News

Ancient Single-Celled Organisms May Have Helped Form Mountains on Earth
1 December 2021, The Swaddle

A Rare Series of Watercolors by Hilma af Klint Is on View in Manhattan
9 November 2021, Hyperallergic

Hands on with the luxury Hermes Apple Watch Series 7
11 November 2021, AppleInsider

Battery Mineral Resources (BTRMF) to Webcast Live at VirtualInvestorConferences.com December 8th
1 December 2021, Yahoo Finance

Altech Chemicals surges on "cracking the silicon barrier" with lithium-ion breakthrough of 30% higher energy density graphite-silicon anode
25 November 2021, Proactive Investors UK

provided by Google News

How to Build Your Backend with Hasura and PostgreSQL
30 November 2021, SitePoint

Flexible Server for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Now Commercially Available
1 December 2021, Redmondmag.com

Postgres Build 2021 Conference to Feature Leading PostgreSQL Experts
18 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

AWS Announces the General Availability and Open Sourcing of Babelfish for PostgreSQL
2 November 2021, InfoQ.com

Enterprise PostgreSQL Hits the Cloud as EDB's 'BigAnimal'
3 November 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Unity Game Developer
Infogen Labs, Valencia, CA

Analytics Engineer: REMOTE Position
The Tapping Solution, Remote

[Parade] Full-Stack Engineer
RocketPower, Remote

Front - End Web Developer
JJ Safety LLC, Mesa, AZ

Python Developer
Swan Software Solutions, Carmel, IN

2022 Polymer Research Associate
The Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, CA

Senior Full Stack Software Engineer (JavaScript) - (Remote in the Americas)
Grafana Labs, Remote

Orvis Warehouse Shipper ($15/hour)
The Orvis Company, Manchester, VT

Sr Quality Assurance Engineer
WarnerMedia, New York, NY

Backend Software Engineer, Cloud, LATAM/NORAM (Remote)
Grafana Labs, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
Tektree, United States

Database Administrator with PostgreSQL
Telus International, Englewood, CO

PostgreSQL Database Administration (DBA) (Remote) (TEC7623)
TechlySkilled, Carson City, NV

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Clayton Homes, Maryville, TN

Sr PostgreSQL DBA
Trigint Solutions, Baltimore, MD

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here