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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.31
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.39
Rank#142  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#51  Relational DBMS
#3  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegraphdb.ontotext.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014OntotextOpenLink Software
Initial release201220001998
Current release8.8, January 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Server Pluginyes infoVirtuoso PL
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesyesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
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Conferences and events

Reasoning with Big Knowledge Graphs: Choices, Pitfalls and Proven Recipes
Webinar, 8:00 AM PST / 11:00 AM EST / 5:00 PM CEST, 30 July 2020 (finished)

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