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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB vs. TerminusDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Scalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.86
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score0.22
Rank#287  Overall
#24  Graph DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.ontotext.comterminusdb.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationterminusdb.github.io/­terminusdb/­#
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014OntotextDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release201220002018
Current release9.8, June 202110.0.3, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaProlog, Rust
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'well-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityyes
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory journaling
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Role-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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