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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.64
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score1.14
Rank#149  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.50
Rank#206  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegraphdb.ontotext.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014OntotextSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release201220002004
Current release8.8, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Server Pluginyes
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checking
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
News

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8 August 2019

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26 July 2019

GraphDB: Semantic Text Similarity for Identifying Related Terms & Documents
11 July 2019

GraphDB: MongoDB Document Store Integration for Large-scale Metadata Management
28 June 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Recent citations in the news

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13 May 2019, InfoWorld

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