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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB vs. Lovefield vs. Machbase

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB vs. Lovefield vs. Machbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptTimeSeries DBMS for AIoT and BigData
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.08
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score2.52
Rank#116  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.26
Rank#282  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#352  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.ontotext.comgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.machbase.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdmachbase.atlassian.net/­wiki/­spaces/­MAN/­overview
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014OntotextGoogleMachbase
Initial release2012200020142013
Current release9.8, June 20212.1.12, February 2017V6.5, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree test version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP REST
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP infovia ODBC
Python
R infovia ODBC
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'well-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilitynono
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoUsing read-only observersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseno
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infousing MemoryDByes infovolatile and lookup table
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.nosimple password-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMLovefieldMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMLovefieldMachbase infoFormer name was Infiniflux
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