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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine vs. HyperSQL vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Search  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBSearch-as-a-service for web and mobile app developmentWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score5.35
Rank#76  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score7.54
Rank#59  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score134.73
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.graphengine.iohsqldb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­searchwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­searchwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftMicrosoftDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20122010200120152000
Current release2.6.1, October 2021V13.38.4  (4 May 2022), May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infobased on BSD licensecommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CJavaC
Server operating systemshosted.NETAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modeshostedserver-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
.Net
C#
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yesJava, SQLnono
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousing Azure authenticationno

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3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBMicrosoft Azure SearchSQLite
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