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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.06
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.83
Rank#189  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score0.09
Rank#309  Overall
#28  Time Series DBMS
Score17.90
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.graphengine.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftSpotifyMicrosoft
Initial release2012201020142016
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CJavaC++
Server operating systemshosted.NEThosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yesnoTransact SQL
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesyes

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHeroicMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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