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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine vs. H2 vs. Ingres

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Graph Engine vs. H2 vs. Ingres

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonIngres  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Well established RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score6.10
Rank#69  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.graphengine.iowww.h2database.comwww.actian.com/­data-management/­ingres-sql-rdbms
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.actian.com/­ingres
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014MicrosoftThomas MuellerActian Corporation
Initial release2012201020051974 infooriginally developed at University Berkely in early 1970s
Current release2.1.210, January 202211.0, April 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CJavaC
Server operating systemshosted.NETAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infobut tools for importing/exporting data from/to XML-files available
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol (OpenAPI)
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yesJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningnonehorizontal partitioning infoIngres Star to access multiple databases simultaneously
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseIngres Replicator
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityH2Ingres
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