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DBMS > etcd vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft Access

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.32
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score18.02
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score8.10
Rank#54  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score116.94
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
firebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
firebase.google.com/­docs/­databasefirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201220171992
Current release3.4, August 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedhostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'yes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyes, watching key changesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyesyesACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.no infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
etcdFirebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud FirestoreMicrosoft Access
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