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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.28
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score5.23
Rank#59  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasefirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Google
Initial release20122017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud Firestore
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