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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. SpaceTime

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. SpaceTime

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonSpaceTime  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.SpaceTime is a spatio-temporal DBMS with a focus on performance.
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store
Wide column store
Spatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.64
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.15
Rank#95  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.03
Rank#392  Overall
#8  Spatial DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.mireo.com/­spacetime
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleMireo
Initial release201220152020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'nono
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingFixed-grid hypercubes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesReal-time block device replication (DRBD)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesAtomic single-row operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud BigtableSpaceTime
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