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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Our visitors often compare Firebase Realtime Database and Google Cloud Bigtable with Amazon DynamoDB, MongoDB and Google Cloud Firestore.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelDocument storeWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score1.88
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasecloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Google
Initial release20122015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Recent citations in the news

How unsecured Firebase databases put critical data at risk
16 January 2019, TechTarget

Realtime vs Cloud Firestore: Which Firebase Database to go?
12 October 2018, Appinventiv

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

How was Google Firebase security bypassed?
9 October 2018, TechTarget

Firebase for Startups: A Must-Have or Non-Essential
23 January 2019, Appinventiv

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19 June 2019, InfoQ.com

Google Expands Cloud BigTable Replication Capabilities Globally in Beta
20 March 2019, InfoQ.com

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14 May 2019, Computer Business Review

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3 June 2019, The Next Platform

Google updates its Cloud Spanner and Cloud BigTable databases
11 October 2018, SiliconANGLE News

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