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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Large scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.13
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score52.45
Rank#22  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score23.10
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasecloud.google.com/­bigqueryazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201220102016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'user defined functions infoin JavaScriptTransact SQL
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)yes

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More resources
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle BigQueryMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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