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DBMS > Firebase Realtime Database vs. GeoSpock vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Firebase Realtime Database vs. GeoSpock vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGeoSpock  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Spatial and temporal data processing engine for extreme data scaleGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.16
Rank#299  Overall
#138  Relational DBMS
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegeospock.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.mongodb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.geospock.com/­Content/­Home.htmcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GeoSpockGoogleMongoDB, IncPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2012201520092016
Current release2.0, September 20195.0.8, April 20225.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJava, JavascriptC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyestemporal, categoricalnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI SQL for query only (using Presto)noRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'nonoJavaScriptno
TriggersCallbacks are triggered when data changesnonoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesAutomatic shardingShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.horizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoAtomic single-row operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users can be defined per tableAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Firebase Realtime DatabaseGeoSpockGoogle Cloud BigtableMongoDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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