DBMS > FileMaker vs. PostgreSQL vs. RavenDB
System Properties Comparison FileMaker vs. PostgreSQL vs. RavenDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||FileMaker Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||RavenDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||FileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||Open Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document Database|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Document store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Apache Age
Vector DBMS with pgvector extension
Time Series DBMS
|Developer||FileMaker a subsidiary of Apple||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||Hibernating Rhinos|
|Initial release||1983||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2010|
|Current release||19.4.1, November 2021||16.1, November 2023||5.4, July 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source BSD||Open Source AGPL version 3, commercial license available|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.|
|Server operating systems||iOS client part only|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||no|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes A http query request can return the data in XML format||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes via plugins||yes standard with numerous extensions||SQL-like query language (RQL)|
|APIs and other access methods||Filemaker WebDirect|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|.NET Client API|
F# Client API
Go Client API
Java Client API
NodeJS Client API
PHP Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
|Supported programming languages||PHP||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||yes|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication, warm standby since Version 14||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||yes|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Default ACID transactions on the local node (eventually consistent across the cluster). Atomic operations with cluster-wide ACID transactions. Eventual consistency for indexes and full-text search indexes.|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID||ACID, Cluster-wide transaction available|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no|
|User concepts Access control||simple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory services||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Authorization levels configured per client per database|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Related products and services|
|3rd parties||Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
Redgate webinars: A series of key topics for new PostgreSQL users.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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Timescale: Calling all PostgreSQL users – the 2023 State of PostgreSQL survey is now open! Share your favorite extensions, preferred frameworks, community experiences, and more. Take the survey today!
Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
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