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DBMS > FileMaker vs. Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison FileMaker vs. Microsoft Access vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score52.32
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score116.94
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.claris.com/­filemakerwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release198319921989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release19.3.1, June 20211902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 201913.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsiOS
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infovia pluginsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsFilemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesPHPC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14noneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
FileMakerMicrosoft AccessPostgreSQL
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