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DBMS > FileMaker vs. Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison FileMaker vs. Microsoft Access vs. Oracle Rdb vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score52.27
Rank#22  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score143.44
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#162  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#337  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitewww.claris.com/­filemakerwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationwww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)8Kdata
Initial release1983199219842016
Current release19.4.1, November 20211902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20197.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsiOS
OS X
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsHP Open VMSAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infovia pluginsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes
APIs and other access methodsFilemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesPHPC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14noneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlsimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003Access rights for users and roles

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More resources
FileMakerMicrosoft AccessOracle RdbToroDB
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Recent citations in the news

Low-Code Development Platforms Market Innovative Strategy by 2030 | FileMaker, Domino, Salesforce – ManufactureLink
24 May 2022, ManufactureLink

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25 May 2022, Carbon Valley Farmer and Miner

Apple subsidiary Claris apologizes for hours-long FileMaker Cloud outage
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