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DBMS > FaunaDB vs. Neo4j vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison FaunaDB vs. Neo4j vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFaunaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionStrongly consistent database capable of global horizontal scale with a focus on operational simplicityOpen source graph databaseVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.61
Rank#191  Overall
#29  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#93  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score50.53
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.63
Rank#97  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitefauna.comneo4j.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationfauna.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperFauna, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.OpenLink Software
Initial release201420071998
Current release3.5.8, July 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageScalaJava, ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
OLE DB
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingnoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMasterlessCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlIdentity management, authentication, and access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Fine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
FaunaDBNeo4jVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsServerless cloud database for modern applications Native GraphQL API High performance...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesDocument-relational interface: combines flexibility in modeling with flexibility...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosModern Javascript Apps Identity management Multi-tenant SaaS backend Social content...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersNextdoor ShiftX
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

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9 November 2019

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8 November 2019

Introducing Neo4j Aura: A New Graph Database as a Service
6 November 2019

Anti-Money Laundering Compliance with Graph Technology [Infographic]
5 November 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Graphs, AI, and ML: Q&A with Alicia Frame, Finding prices with Neo4j, Building a Knowledge Graph
2 November 2019

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FaunaDBNeo4jVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

GraphQL for busy web developers
6 November 2019, JAXenter

Cloud native, chaos-tolerant FaunaDB adds support for SQL, GraphQL, and CQL
9 April 2019, ZDNet

Has FaunaDB Cracked the Code for Global Transactionality?
12 December 2018, Datanami

FaunaDB now offers a “Managed Serverless” service combining Fauna’s serverless database with a managed solution
22 August 2019, Packt Hub

Independent Database Benchmark Confirms FaunaDB Offers the Strongest Possible Consistency Guarantees for Distributed & Cloud Environments
5 March 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
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Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Unveils New Fully-Managed Graph Database Called Neo4j Aura
7 November 2019, Solutions Review

Neo4j introduces Aura, a new cloud service to supply a flexible, reliable and developer-friendly graph database
7 November 2019, Packt Hub

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