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DBMS > FaunaDB vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison FaunaDB vs. Neo4j vs. ScyllaDB vs. TigerGraph vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFaunaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionStrongly consistent database capable of global horizontal scale with a focus on operational simplicityOpen source graph databaseCassandra-compatible wide column storeA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Graph DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.98
Rank#154  Overall
#23  Document stores
#10  Graph DBMS
#76  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score51.21
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#109  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.87
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
Score2.77
Rank#91  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#45  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitefauna.comneo4j.comwww.scylladb.comwww.tigergraph.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationfauna.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.scylladb.comdocs.tigergraph.comdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperFauna, Inc.Neo4j, Inc.ScyllaDBOpenLink Software
Initial release20142007201520171998
Current release4.0.0, January 2020Scylla Open Source 3.2.0, January 20208.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageScalaJava, ScalaC++C++C
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinuxAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infocluster global secondary indicesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)SQL-like query language (GSQL)yes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnoyesyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlernonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingnoneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMasterlessCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoin-memory tablesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlIdentity management, authentication, and access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users can be defined per objectRole-based access controlFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
FaunaDBNeo4jScyllaDBTigerGraphVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsServerless cloud database for modern applications Native GraphQL API High performance...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesDocument-relational interface: combines flexibility in modeling with flexibility...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosModern Javascript Apps Identity management Multi-tenant SaaS backend Social content...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersNextdoor ShiftX
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Halin Monitoring, Analyzing CodeMotion Data, Exploring GGCD Graph, Clojure Release, and More 4.0
22 February 2020

#GraphCast: Migrating from Neo4j 3.5 to 4.0
21 February 2020

Ontologies in Neo4j: Semantics and Knowledge Graphs
19 February 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Flight Search Application, Graph Data Science Library Preview, Neo4j 4.0 Treasure Map
15 February 2020

Neo4j 4.0 Security Rocks: The 5-Minute Interview with Michal Bachman, CEO, GraphAware
14 February 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
FaunaDBNeo4jScyllaDBTigerGraphVirtuoso
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
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