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DBMS > Fauna vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Fauna vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFauna  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFauna (previously named FaunaDB) provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.73
Rank#131  Overall
#22  Document stores
#11  Graph DBMS
#65  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score100.70
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitefauna.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.fauna.commariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperFauna, Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Microsoft
Initial release201420091989
Current release10.6.4, August 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageScalaC and C++C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlIdentity management, authentication, and access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
FaunaMariaDBMicrosoft SQL Server
Specific characteristicsServerless database delivered as an API Web-native security model with attribute...
» more
MariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantages100% serverless , no connection pooling bottlenecks, or cold starts unlike legacy...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosJavascript apps Serverless backends for microservices Cloud-native apps B2B and B2C...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersShiftX
» more
Deutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsUsage-based pricing including a free tier
» more

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More resources
FaunaMariaDBMicrosoft SQL Server
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