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DBMS > Fauna vs. IBM Db2 Event Store vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Fauna vs. IBM Db2 Event Store vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFauna infopreviously named FaunaDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 Event Store  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFauna provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.Distributed Event Store optimized for Internet of Things use casesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Event Store
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.36
Rank#147  Overall
#26  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#71  Relational DBMS
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score0.49
Rank#242  Overall
#2  Event Stores
#19  Time Series DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitefauna.comwww.ibm.com/­products/­db2-event-storeazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.fauna.comwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­en/­SSGNPV_2.0.0/­welcome.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperFauna, Inc.IBMMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2014201720161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2.014.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree developer edition availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageScalaC and C++C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoLinux, macOS, Windows for the developer additionhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infothrough the embedded Spark runtimeyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
DB2 Connect
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationActive-active shard replicationyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesNo - written data is immutableyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesYes - Synchronous writes to local disk combined with replication and asynchronous writes in parquet format to permanent shared storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlIdentity management, authentication, and access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Fauna infopreviously named FaunaDBIBM Db2 Event StoreMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgreSQL
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