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DBMS > etcd vs. EventStoreDB vs. Geode vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. EventStoreDB vs. Geode vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TinkerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonEventStoreDB  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeIndustrial-strength, open-source database solution built from the ground up for event sourcing.Geode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelKey-value storeEvent StoreKey-value storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.88
Rank#47  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.92
Rank#181  Overall
#1  Event Stores
Score1.77
Rank#134  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.19
Rank#289  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
www.eventstore.comgeode.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
developers.eventstore.comgeode.apache.org/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperEvent Store LimitedOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Microsoft
Initial release2012200220142009
Current release3.4, August 201921.2, February 20211.1, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfirecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
Linux
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnonoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (OQL)SQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
Java Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsJavaScriptno
Triggersyes, watching key changesyes infoCache Event ListenersJavaScriptno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyes, on a single nodeMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights per client and object definableAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelno

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More resources
etcdEventStoreDBGeodeMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTinkerGraph
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