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DBMS > EsgynDB vs. LokiJS vs. Stardog vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison EsgynDB vs. LokiJS vs. Stardog vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionIn-memory JavaScript DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.20
Rank#292  Overall
#137  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#240  Overall
#38  Document stores
Score1.67
Rank#141  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score3.73
Rank#94  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.esgyn.cngithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.stardog.compingcap.com
Technical documentationtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.stardog.comdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperEsgynStardog-UnionPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2015201420102016
Current release7.3.0, May 20205.4.2, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Sourcecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++, JavaJavaScriptJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JavaScript APIGraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetJavaScript.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored ProceduresView functions in JavaScriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication between multi datacentersnoneMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
EsgynDBLokiJSStardogTiDB
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Cisco, Schneider Electric, FINRA and more — https://www.stardog.com/customers/
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsYou can start for free! It’s easy to get started using Stardog’s leading Enterprise...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
EsgynDBLokiJSStardogTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

LokiJS - A JavaScript Database
18 November 2014, iProgrammer

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