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DBMS > EnterpriseDB vs. Neo4j vs. Realm vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison EnterpriseDB vs. Neo4j vs. Realm vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameEnterpriseDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionThe EDB Postgres Platform is an enterprise-class data management platform based on the open source database PostgreSQL with flexible deployment options, complemented by tool kits for management, integration, and migration.Open source graph databaseA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.36
Rank#102  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score8.23
Rank#46  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitewww.enterprisedb.comneo4j.comrealm.iowww.stardog.com
Technical documentationwww.enterprisedb.com/­resources/­product-documentationneo4j.com/­docsrealm.io/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperEnterpriseDBNeo4j, Inc.Realm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Stardog-Union
Initial release2005200720142010
Current releaseV10, November 20173.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoBSD for PostgreSQL-componentsOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Sourcecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnonoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryes infoChange Listenersyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infoby hash, list or rangenonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-Memory realmyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
EnterpriseDBNeo4jRealmStardog
Specific characteristicsPostgreSQL with added Security, Performance, DBA, Developer, and Oracle compatibile...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete Postgres platform with enterprise-class Postgres, Management, Integration,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional, reporting and mixed workloads that need to integrate...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersMasterCard, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Ericsson, AT&T, Alibaba, Korea Telecom and...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsListed in Gartner Magic Quadrant 2013-2018 with over 4,000 customers.
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source and Commercial core based licensing.
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Discovering the Soul of a Product, UK Singles Chart Graph, Building Real-Time UIs with Kafka and Vue.js
18 January 2020

Creating Aha Moments for Developers: The 5-Minute Interview with Jennifer Reif, Developer Relations Engineer at Neo4j
17 January 2020

Graphs to Fight Diabetes
15 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Analyzing .NET Dependencies, Coloring a Sudoku Graph, Christmas Messages Graph, Making Graph Algorithms ‘Clique’
11 January 2020

#GraphCast: How-To Video Series
10 January 2020

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
EnterpriseDBNeo4jRealmStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

EnterpriseDB Announces Postgres Platform 12; Extends Leading Open Source Database
10 December 2019, RealWire

EnterpriseDB Expands Worldwide Partner Program
5 September 2019, PRNewswire

EnterpriseDB Acquired by Great Hill Partners
26 June 2019, PRNewswire

EnterpriseDB goes private
26 June 2019, ZDNet

EnterpriseDB Named a Challenger in Gartner Magic Quadrant for Operational Database Management Systems
3 December 2019, RealWire

provided by Google News

Neo4j the graph database
14 January 2020, App Developer Magazine

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

Graph Database Market is touching to new level | DataStax, Franz Inc., Neo4j, Inc., Oracle Corporation, OrientDB
20 January 2020, Fusion Science Academy

Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Announces 2019 Graphie Award Winners
18 December 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Empowers Mobile Developers to Tap Into Serverless Development to Build Collaborative and Realtime Experiences
23 May 2017, Business Wire

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

Box Introduces the Box File Collaboration API
24 December 2016, ProgrammableWeb

provided by Google News

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