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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Weaviate vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Weaviate vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning modelsHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelSearch engineSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.17
Rank#294  Overall
#15  Search engines
Score1.21
Rank#159  Overall
#78  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchgithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
www.semi.technology/­solutions/­weaviate
www.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.semi.technology/­developers/­weaviate/­currentdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperElasticSeMI Technologies B.V.Yugabyte Inc.
Initial release201020172017
Current release7.8.0, June 20201.0.3, January 20212.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate EnterpriseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes, maps to GraphQL interfacedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy referencesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageGraphQL is used as query languageyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationnono
User concepts infoAccess controlOpenID Connect Discoveryyes
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchWeaviateYugabyteDB
News

Weaviate in IEEE

Weaviate on DB-engines.com

Introduction & Demo video

FLOSS Weekly Podcast

FOSDEM 2020 video

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More resources
ElasticsearchWeaviateYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Weaviate, an ANN Database with CRUD support
2 February 2021,  Etienne Dilocker, SeMI Technologies (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

Amazon Elasticsearch Service is so flexible it wants to be called by a new name
10 September 2021, The Register

AWS Renames Amazon Elasticsearch Service to Amazon OpenSearch Service
15 September 2021, InfoQ.com

ElasticSearch Fork OpenSearch is Generally Available
1 September 2021, CTOvision

FBI watchlist published by misconfigured Elasticsearch cluster
9 August 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Elastic Announces ElasticON Global Virtual Conference, Oct. 5 - 7, 2021 | Business | valdostadailytimes.com
16 September 2021, Valdosta Daily Times

provided by Google News

Weaviate is an open-source search engine powered by ML, vectors, graphs, and GraphQL
7 April 2021, ZDNet

The History of the Weaviate Vector Search Engine
9 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Getting Started with the Weaviate Vector Search Engine
18 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Weaviate Is A Search Engine For Vector Embeddings
11 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Why the rise of vector databases is a revolution for data analysis
7 July 2021, TechGenix

provided by Google News

Yugabyte Delivers Industry-First Smart Client Driver for Distributed SQL Database with YugabyteDB 2.9 Release
26 August 2021, Business Wire

Yugabyte Delivers Spring Data YugabyteDB to Accelerate Distributed SQL Adoption for Microservices
1 September 2021, Business Wire

Yugabyte's Distributed SQL Database and Support For Large-Scale Cloud-Native Resilience Seals The Deal For Global Payments Leader WorldRemit
7 September 2021, Business Wire

Yugabyte CTO Karthik Ranganathan | The Cloud Database Report Podcast
13 September 2021, Cloud Wars

YugabyteDB 2.9 eliminates the need for external load balancers - Help Net Security
28 August 2021, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

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