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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Solr vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Solr vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelSearch engineSearch engineTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score151.44
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score54.05
Rank#21  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score4.87
Rank#80  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchlucene.apache.org/­solrwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmllucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmldocs.timescale.com
DeveloperElasticApache Software FoundationTimescale
Initial release201020062017
Current release7.8.0, June 20209.0.0, May 20222.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava pluginsuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanooptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchSolrTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosTime-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metricsWith over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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More resources
ElasticsearchSolrTimescaleDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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