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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. SQLite vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. SQLite vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score128.65
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score0.17
Rank#294  Overall
#15  Search engines
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.sqlite.orggithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
www.semi.technology/­solutions/­weaviate
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmlwww.semi.technology/­developers/­weaviate/­current
DeveloperElasticDwayne Richard HippSeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release201020002017
Current release7.8.0, June 20203.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 20211.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoPublic DomainOpen Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaCGo
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMserver-less
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infodynamic column typesyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchSQLiteWeaviate
News

Weaviate in IEEE

Weaviate on DB-engines.com

Introduction & Demo video

FLOSS Weekly Podcast

FOSDEM 2020 video

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchSQLiteWeaviate
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

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Weaviate, an ANN Database with CRUD support
2 February 2021,  Etienne Dilocker, SeMI Technologies (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

Amazon Elasticsearch Service is so flexible it wants to be called by a new name
10 September 2021, The Register

AWS Renames Amazon Elasticsearch Service to Amazon OpenSearch Service
15 September 2021, InfoQ.com

ElasticSearch Fork OpenSearch is Generally Available
1 September 2021, CTOvision

Elastic Announces the General Availability of the Elastic Cloud Terraform Provider
9 September 2021, Business Wire

Elastic Completes the Acquisition of Cmd | National Business | joplinglobe.com
21 September 2021, Joplin Globe

provided by Google News

SQLite On The Web: Absurd-sql
24 August 2021, Hackaday

Open-Source Database Software Market Size, Analysis, and Key Manufacturers – Titan, Neo4j, SQLite, MariaDB, Apache Hive, Couchbase, MongoDB – Stillwater Current
21 September 2021, Stillwater Current

Security Research Bits
21 September 2021, SemiEngineering

SQLite Extraction of Oracle Tables Tools, Methods and Pitfalls
20 July 2021, Linux Journal

FmPro Migrator 9.37 Adds New MySQL to FileMaker Pro Conversion Feature prMac
16 September 2021, prMac

provided by Google News

Weaviate is an open-source search engine powered by ML, vectors, graphs, and GraphQL
7 April 2021, ZDNet

The History of the Weaviate Vector Search Engine
9 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Getting Started with the Weaviate Vector Search Engine
18 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Weaviate Is A Search Engine For Vector Embeddings
11 May 2020, hackernoon.com

Why the rise of vector databases is a revolution for data analysis
7 July 2021, TechGenix

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