DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Rockset vs. TiDB
System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Rockset vs. TiDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Elasticsearch Xexclude from comparison||Rockset Xexclude from comparison||TiDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene Elasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metric||A scalable, reliable search and analytics service in the cloud, built on RocksDB||TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.|
|Primary database model||Search engine||Document store||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Current release||8.6, January 2023||6.6.0, February 2023|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Elastic License||commercial||Open Source Apache 2.0|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||yes||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.|
|Implementation language||Java||C++||Go, Rust|
|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||hosted||Linux|
|Data scheme||schema-free Flexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent||schema-free||yes|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||dynamic typing||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||no ingestion from XML files supported||no|
|Secondary indexes||yes All search fields are automatically indexed||all fields are automatically indexed||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||SQL-like query language||Read-only SQL queries, including JOINs||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||Java API|
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
Community Contributed Clients
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||no||no|
|Triggers||yes by using the 'percolation' feature||no||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||Automatic sharding||horizontal partitioning (by key range)|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes||yes||Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||ES-Hadoop Connector||no||yes with TiSpark Connector|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Eventual Consistency Synchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all||Eventual Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||no||no currently only supported in syntax|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||no||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||Memcached and Redis integration||no|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users and organizations can be defined via Rockset console||Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.|
|More information provided by the system vendor|
|Specific characteristics||TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...|
|Competitive advantages||In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...|
|Typical application scenarios||TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...|
|Key customers||Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...|
|Market metrics||25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...|
|Licensing and pricing models||Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...|
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