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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Redis vs. VictoriaMetrics

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Redis vs. VictoriaMetrics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonVictoriaMetrics  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.A fast, cost-effective and scalable Time Series DBMS and monitoring solution
Primary database modelSearch engineKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score135.35
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score157.80
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score1.32
Rank#162  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchredis.com
redis.io
victoriametrics.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­docs
docs.victoriametrics.com
github.com/­VictoriaMetrics/­VictoriaMetrics/­wiki
DeveloperElasticRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.VictoriaMetrics
Initial release201020092018
Current release8.6, January 20237.2.4, January 2024v1.91, May 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
Implementation languageJavaCGo
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
OpenBSD
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagewith RediSQL moduleno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolGraphite protocol
InfluxDB Line Protocol
OpenTSDB
Prometheus Query API
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)no
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurepublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
Synchronous replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorthrough RedisGearsno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­docs/­management/­security/­encryption
Password-based authentication

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Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for Redis: the award-winning Redis management tool with an intuitive and powerful graphical interface.
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Redisson PRO: The ultra-fast Redis Java Client.
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Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
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More resources
ElasticsearchRedisVictoriaMetrics
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