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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Realm vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Realm vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score157.72
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score9.80
Rank#48  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchrealm.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlrealm.io/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperElasticRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201020142016
Current release7.8.0, June 20205.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchRealmTiDB
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Believe in the Multiplicative Power of Openness
30 November 2021

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24 November 2021

KubeCon 2021 Q&A: PingCAP Recaps the Event and Explores Its HTAP Database
16 November 2021

How to Troubleshoot RocksDB Write Stalls in TiKV
12 November 2021

PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9 November 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
ElasticsearchRealmTiDB
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