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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. RDFox vs. TinkerGraph vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. RDFox vs. TinkerGraph vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonRDFox  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricHigh performance knowledge graph and semantic reasoning engineA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 APITitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score155.08
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.06
Rank#331  Overall
#34  Graph DBMS
#17  RDF stores
Score0.20
Rank#289  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.oxfordsemantic.techtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlintitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.oxfordsemantic.techgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperElasticAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release2010201720092012
Current release7.8.0, June 20205.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenonono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop 3Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
Java
Groovy
Java
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allnoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptionalyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
ElasticsearchRDFoxTinkerGraphTitan
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