DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score156.00
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score620.84
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score96.42
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.postgresql.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperElasticPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2014
Current release7.8.0, June 202014.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiespgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchPostgreSQLSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

State of PostgreSQL 2022
Survey, open until June 30, 2022 at 11:59pm PT, 15-30 June 2022

Recent citations in the news

Hackers ransom 1,200 exposed Elasticsearch databases
1 June 2022, TechTarget

Whip up recipes with 'Elasticsearch 8.x Cookbook'
26 May 2022, TechTarget

Elasticsearch server with no password or encryption leaks a million records
16 June 2022, The Register

How Disney+ Hotstar Simplified Its Data Architecture for Scale
22 June 2022, thenewstack.io

Elastic Launches Elastic Security for Cloud
7 June 2022, Business Wire

provided by Google News

What is Azure Database for PostgreSQL Flexible Server?
24 June 2022, TechRepublic

How to Connect to a PostgreSQL Database Using Node.js - MUO
21 June 2022, MakeUseOf

Neon previews serverless PostgreSQL database service
17 June 2022, TechTarget

PostgreSQL 14 Breaks the .NET and Java Drivers for PostgreSQL
20 June 2022, InfoQ.com

Using the PostgreSQL List Databases Command - MUO
19 June 2022, MakeUseOf

provided by Google News

Snowflake Builds out Its Data Cloud – The New Stack
15 June 2022, thenewstack.io

Snowflake vs. Databricks: 2022 Data Platform Comparison | eWEEK
1 June 2022, eWeek

Starburst acquires data lake analytics accelerator Varada to challenge Snowflake
23 June 2022, TechCrunch

Q&A: Snowflake, Qlik deepen partnership for real-time data access
23 June 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Snowflake Summit 2022: All about apps and monetizing data
18 June 2022, SiliconANGLE News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Sr. Software Engineer .NET/C# - 100% Remote
Radian, Pennsylvania

Full Stack Engineer - Search Team - Remote Europe
Frontapp, Remote

Elasticsearch Administrator
Innovacer, Remote

MUSA - 4450 - Backend Python
MomentoUSA, Remote

Junior DevOps Engineer, Remote US
TriNetX, LLC, United States

PostgreSQL Apps DBA
Career Soft Solutions, Jersey City, NJ

PostgreSQL DBA
Career Soft Solutions, Jersey City, NJ

Database Engineer , RDS Aurora PostgreSQL
Amazon.com Services LLC, Remote

PostgreSQL Database Senior Engineer (work from home)
Cigna, Hartford, CT

PostgreSQL Developer
Capgemini, Englewood Cliffs, NJ

SQL DBA with Snowflake
Skywalk Global, Des Moines, IA

Remote Database Engineer 3
Mitchell International, San Diego, CA

Database Analyst Specialist
FIS Global, Milwaukee, WI

Data Engineer with snowflake
advanced knowledge tech llc, Boston, MA

Data Engineer with snowflake
advanced knowledge tech llc, Durham, NC

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Present your product here