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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelSearch engineDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score160.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score4.41
Rank#81  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperElasticOracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release201020112014
Current release7.8.0, June 202021.2, September 20213.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaScala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featurenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesno

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More resources
ElasticsearchOracle NoSQLSpark SQL
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