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DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. OpenSearch vs. Pinecone

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. OpenSearch vs. Pinecone

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonPinecone  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneA managed, cloud-native vector database
Primary database modelSearch engineSearch engineVector DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score134.78
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score15.65
Rank#38  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score3.29
Rank#94  Overall
#2  Vector DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchgithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
www.pinecone.io
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlopensearch.org/­docs/­latestdocs.pinecone.io/­docs/­overview
DeveloperElasticAmazon Web ServicesPinecone Systems, Inc
Initial release201020212019
Current release8.6, January 20232.5.0, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesString, Number, Boolean
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchOpenSearchPinecone
Specific characteristicsOpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Competitive advantagesDistributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
Typical application scenariosThe OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchOpenSearchPinecone
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