DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Elasticsearch vs. Neo4j vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Elasticsearch vs. Neo4j vs. Sqrrl

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOpen source graph databaseAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelSearch engineGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score152.34
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score52.32
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchneo4j.comsqrrl.com
Technical documentationwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperElasticNeo4j, Inc.Amazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release201020072012
Current release7.8.0, June 20204.2.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsES-Hadoop Connectornoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Cell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)
More information provided by the system vendor
ElasticsearchNeo4jSqrrl
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Top 10 Use Cases: Master Data Management
1 March 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Information Extraction Pipeline, Chakra UI Component Library, NODES 2021
27 February 2021

Graphs in China: 5-Minute Interview with Richard Wu & George Zhang
26 February 2021

Unearthing Historical Networks Using Neo4j and Archival Documents
25 February 2021

Top 10 Use Cases: Empowering Network and IT Operations Management
22 February 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
ElasticsearchNeo4jSqrrl
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Elasticsearch moved into the top 10 most popular database management systems
3 July 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

AWS Adds Distributed Tracing to Their Elasticsearch Service
1 March 2021, InfoQ.com

Is Elastic Stretching the Truth in Its Spat With AWS Over Elasticsearch License?
1 February 2021, Data Center Knowledge

EraDB Says Elasticsearch Clone Is More Scalable, Easier to Run
10 February 2021, Datanami

Elasticsearch license schism stirs open source funding fears
9 February 2021, TechTarget

Crate.io Announces CrateDB Will Switch to an Elasticsearch Fork Following License Change
11 February 2021, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Neo4j Continues Exceptional Growth in 2020, Bolstered by Customer Wins, Mainstream Adoption and Community Expansion
17 February 2021, PRNewswire

Global GPU Database Market 2025: Kinetica, Omnisci, Sqream, Neo4j, Nvidia, Brytlyt, Jedox, Blazegraph, Blazingdb, Zilliz, Heterodb, H2o.Ai, Fastdata.Io, Fuzzy Logix, Graphistry, Anaconda
28 February 2021, NY Market Reports

Graph Database Market Latest Technological Advancements 2026: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph. – NeighborWebSJ
22 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Database Market Status & Trend Analysis 2017-2026 (COVID-19 Version) | IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, OrientDB, TIBCO, Franz, OpenLink Software, MarkLogic, TigerGraph, DataStax, Ontotext, Stardog, Cray, ArangoDB , Bitnine, Objectivity, Memgraph, Cambridge Semantics, Fluree, and Blazegraph.
25 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Non-Relational Databases Market Covid 19 Analysis With Professional Study, Development Research Insights, Industry Forecast 2026 | IBM, FileMaker, Oracle, Neo4j – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
27 February 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

provided by Google News

User and Entity Behavior Analytics Solutions Market is thriving worldwide by 2025 with top key players like Veriato., Sqrrl Data, Securonix, Dtex Systems, Exabeam, Rapid7, Splunk – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
1 March 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

User And Entity Behavior Analytics Market Technological Progress, Regional Outlook by players – Niara Inc, Sqrrl Data,Inc, Rapid7, Varonis Systems, Bay Dynamics, Exabeam, Bottomline Technologies,Inc, Observe IT, Gurucul, Splunk Inc., Securonix, Dtex Systems
25 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Artificial Intelligence in Security Market 2021 by Technology Advancement and Business Outlook – IBM Corporation, Cisco Systems Inc, etc – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
11 February 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

FinTech Changing the Future of Asset Management Sector
25 February 2021, BW Businessworld

Amazon's cloud business acquires Sqrrl, a security start-up with NSA roots
23 January 2018, CNBC

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Junior Java Software Engineer
Datagrate, Inc., Saint Petersburg, FL

Data Analyst
Emsi, Moscow, ID

Tester
ECS Federal LLC, Fairfax, VA

Business Analyst - Remote
SemanticBits LLC, United States

2021 Software Engineer Summer Internship
Lazard Ltd., New York, NY

Accounts Receivable Specialist
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

Sr. GraphDB Developer
Denken Solutions Inc, Plano, TX

Department
Aunalytics, Link, WV

Data Science Intern
Sikka Software, Santa Clara, CA

PostgreSQL DBA
Ramsey Solutions, Franklin, TN

Security Operations and Incident Response Deputy Lead
ShorePoint, Bethesda, MD

Mid Level Security Engineer
XOR Security, Falls Church, VA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here